The items on this page are all available from Dyslexia Scotand. For ease of use we have placed the essential guides here. Dyslexia Scotland Website below.
Finding a definition of dyslexia is simple. Finding one we all can agree on is challenging.
In January 2009, the Scottish Government, Dyslexia Scotland and the Cross Party Group on Dyslexia in the Scottish Parliament agreed on the following working definition:
” Dyslexia can be described as a continuum of difficulties in learning to read, write and/or spell, which persist despite the provision of appropriate learning opportunities. These difficulties often do not reflect an individual’s cognitive abilities and may not be typical of performance in other areas.
The impact of dyslexia as a barrier to learning varies in degree according to the learning and teaching environment, as there are often associated difficulties such as:
· auditory and /or visual processing of language-based information
· phonological awareness
· oral language skills and reading fluency
· short-term and working memory
· sequencing and directionality
· number skills
· organisational ability”
Dyslexia exists in all cultures and across the range of abilities and socio-economic backgrounds. It is a hereditary, life-long, neurodevelopmental condition. Unidentified, dyslexia is likely to result in low self esteem, high stress, atypical behaviour, and low achievement.
Learners with dyslexia will benefit from early identification, appropriate intervention and targeted effective teaching, enabling them to become successful learners, confident individuals, effective contributors and responsible citizens.
Dyslexia Scotland Website
- What is dyslexia? ( PDF | Audio )
- Checklist and indicators of dyslexia ( PDF | Audio )
- Dyslexia and visual issues ( PDF / Audio)
- Visual Issues – Frequently Asked Questions ( PDF ) NEW
- Dyslexia friendly formats ( PDF )
- Dyslexia friendly tips for speakers ( PDF )
- Exams ( PDF | Audio )
- Mind Mapping ( PDF )
- Famous dyslexics ( PDF | Audio )
- Dyslexia and ICT ( PDF | Audio )
- Dyscalculia (PDF) NEW
- Dè th’ann an diosleacsia? (Gaelic) (PDF)
- Czym jest dysleksja? (Polish) (PDF)
Children, parents, teachers
- Children, dyslexia and the law ( PDF | Audio )
- Assessments for children and young people (PDF)
- Information for parents ( PDF | Audio )
- Explaining dyslexia to children (PDF / Audio)
- Youth information – what is dyslexia? (PDF / Audio)
- Transition from primary to secondary school ( PDF | Audio )
- Information for teachers ( PDF )
- Ideas for supporting spelling ( PDF | Audio )
- Ideas for supporting reading ( PDF / Audio 1 / Audio 2)
- Ideas for supporting maths ( PDF / Audio)
Many thanks to CALL Scotland for creating this excellent infographic. Although we are currently not using iPads in schools for dyslexic learners, it might be useful to use at home if you have an i-pad or similar gadget.