What was the BIG BANG? 6KU (Int 2 / Higher RMPS)

The Big Bang: What was it? When was it? Why do so many of us believe in it?

You need to answer this as if it was an 6 mark question and be confident that you are going to get full marks. Expect to talk about Hydrogen atoms, gravity, cooling and gases. Obviously you need to give more information than this poster.

Kingdom of Heaven Challenge

Jesus had this massive idea to try and explain to people. To help them get it he gave lots of pictures. Try and work out what you think the ‘Kingdom of Heaven’ really is…

To post your paragraph click on ‘comments’ below. Just put your initials in the name box, any email (it won’t come up) and leave the web page blank, then paste your answer from word or pages… Try and make your answer the very best you can…

Thank You 🙂

Real Life Philosophy – The Problem of Evil

A reasonably straight forward revision exercise to help you remember everything you know for higher or int2 philosophy and rmps.

  • for each of the ‘texts’ considered write a paragraph on each:
  • what does the ‘text’ say
  • what does this have to do with the ‘problem of evil’?
  • does it fit with the views of any philosopher you know of?
  • which of the four’s sentiments do you tend to find yourself agreeing with the most? why?
  • HW: at home find another viewpoint on this ‘problem’
  • it must be from somewhere in the media…
  • you need to bring a paragraph with you titled ‘is what it says real?’

‘Texts’ on evil…




Click Above for a file of the ‘texts’…

The Case for God? – BBC Documentary

With religion coming under increasing attack from atheists and sceptics, The Chief Rabbi, Lord Jonathan Sacks, goes into the lion’s den, putting his faith publicly on the line by debating with some of the sharpest critics of his faith. Howard Jacobson believes ritual demeans religion, Alain de Botton doubts that any one faith has the truth, Professor Colin Blakemore thinks science makes religion redundant, and Professor Lisa Jardine questions why God allows evil and suffering in this world (BBC).

Remember to include a summary of each discussion and the most important point. Then try to fit what you heard with what you have learned about this year. Who do you find the best critic of belief in God and why? Try and present both sides and conclude with you opinion and reason. Use internet research to supplement your answer.  Your finished review will be more than 600 words.

Comment below; remember for name put your initials; for email put your school one…

Int 2 RMPS revision check-list…

Hiyaaa and good luck for tomorrow’s exam. I’m sure you’re all going to do wonderfully. I was just doing a final check through the SQA arrangement documents (click for link) and I’ve included the bits you need to know here. You should find this list of outcomes pretty reassuring as we have covered far more than the minimum necessary.

On Buddhism:

On Ethics:

And on Philosophy of Religion:


In terms of advice, read your booklet (available here), answer the question, stick to your timings and (almost) always give both sides in Analysis and Evaluation type questions…

And as always:

Explain why you think what you think.

Get a good sleep tonight and Good Luck! – I’ll see you outside tomorrow.

Good luck for Philosophy from Torridon

Good luck for tomorrow’s exam I’m sure you’re all going to do great… Remember to answer the question precisely and to evidence everything you say. Every time you see AE marks you are expected to analyse and evaluate which usually means strengths and weaknesses and “is it real?” sort of answers… Explain around everything you say an stick to to your timings… Good Luck 🙂

Understanding Reincarnation – Revision Help for RMPS


One criticism often directed at Buddhism is a questioning of the relationship between the doctrines of atatman (no soul) and reincarnation. Some question the two teachings compatibility completely where others, more thoughtfully, question why I should seek to accumulate good karma in there is, in reality, no ‘me’.

The answer to this oft-repeated conundrum is, to my limited knowledge, most clearly explained in the conversations of Nagasena and King Milinda. The dialogue begins in the second chapter of Book II. The King jumps in at the deep end by asking it it is the same or another who be reincarnated and is frustrated by the monks answer that it is in fact neither of these suggestions.

To explain further Nagasena establishes that we have some sense that we are the same person as the younger version we remember ‘being’. To explain this idea he give the following example:

‘Suppose a man, O king, were to light a lamp, would it burn the night through?’ ‘Yes, it might do so.’ ‘Now, is it the same flame that burns in the first watch of the night, Sir, and in the second?’ ‘No.’ ‘Or the same that burns in the second watch and in the third?’ ‘No.’ ‘Then is there one lamp in the first watch, and another in the second, and another in the third?’ ‘No. The light comes from the same lamp all the night through.’

‘Just so, O king, is the continuity of a person or thing maintained. One comes into being, another passes away; and the rebirth is, as it were, simultaneous. Thus neither as the same nor as another does a man go on to the last phase of his self-consciousness’

Melinda then requests another example. And it is this one I find most helpful for it explains something of the nature of karma as action (the lit. translation), preserving the notions of cause and effect associated with samsara.

‘It is like milk, which when once taken from the cow, turns, after a lapse of time, first to curds, and then from curds to butter, and then from butter to ghee. Now would it be right to say that the milk was the same thing as the curds, or the butter, or the ghee?’‘Certainly not; but they are produced out of it.’‘Just so, O king, is the continuity of a person or thing maintained. One comes into being, another passes away; and the rebirth is, as it were, simultaneous. Thus neither as the same nor as another does a man go on to the last phase of his self-consciousness.’

In each of these processes the transition is slow; so slow it might not be noticed. That the process happens, however, in undeniable. Like this, we are changing all the time, we are continued from another self but we are not the same as that self. This is true throughout our wanderings of the wheel of life. Once reincarnated the change is identical. No more different, no less.

S3 Exam Preparation

For the S3 exam you will need to study:

§1 Buddhism

– The Wheel of Samsara

– The Human Condition

– Enlightenment & Nibbana

– Images of The Buddha

– Kamma & Skilful Action

§2 Medical Ethics

– Embryos & HFEA

– Secular & Religious Viewpoints

– Benefits & Dangers of using embryos

§3 Philosophy of Religion

– Teleological Argument

– Evil

Higher Philosophy Revision Help

Kant Summary:

(for a video of the complete click here)

Classic Utilitarianism Summary:

Look at more recent articulations of utilitarianism too….

Remember the information/headings here are to serve as a reminder, you need to be able to explain all the terms and ideas to pass well… Make sure you know criticisms and strengths of each position and make sure you are able to apply the to any given situation; Practice this.

For example:

In peep show Mark’s ex-fiancé buys him driving lessons so he can drive her to the hospital to have his baby. Unfortunately Mark decides not go to these lessons and three months later receives the phone call asking him to act as chauffeur. Sophie is staying at a country house three hours from the hospital and the taxi operator says she has no spare cars for a similar length of time. Should Mark drive to get her? Discuss with reference to consequentialism and Kantian ethics. [If you want to see what happens it’s on youtube… :)]

If you have enough time, click here and look at the sample paper for the new Moral Philosophy arrangements. Read the marking scheme.